Luke Bible Study Guide
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an outline for Luke Bible Study guide by chapter and verse and the purpose of this book of the Bible. This lesson allows the student to become acquainted with the important content of the verses and chapters of this Book of the Bible. Another feature in this guide is the provision of questions for Bible study and topics for discussion. Much of the content of this
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Luke Bible Study - Date
It was probably written about A. D. 60 or 63, certainly before the
fall of Jerusalem, A. D. 70, and likely while Luke was with Paul in
Rome or during the two years at Caesarea.
Luke Bible Study - Author
The author is Luke, who also wrote Acts, and was a companion of Paul
on his second missionary journey (Acts 16:11-40). He rejoins Paul at
Philippi (Acts 20:1-7) on the return from the third missionary
journey, remaining with him at Caesarea and on the way to Rome (Acts
Chapters 20-28), He is called the "Beloved physician" (Col. 4:14) and
Paul's "fellow laborer" (Philemon 24).
From the context of Col. 4:4 we learn that he was "not of the
circumcision" and, therefore, a Gentile. From his preface (Lu. 1:1)
we learn that he was not an eye witness of what he wrote. He is
thought to be "the brother" whose praise is in the gospel throughout
all the churches (2 Cor. 8:18), and, by tradition, is always
declared to be a Gentile and proselyte. As is indicated by the
gospel itself, he was the most cultured of all the gospel writers.
Luke Bible Study -
Characteristics and Purpose
1. It Is a Gospel of Song and Praise. There are a number of songs
such as the song of Mary (1:46-55), the song of Zacharias (1:68-79),
the song of the angels (2:14) and the song of Simeon (2:29-33).
There are many expressions of praise such as (2:2; 5:29; 7:16;
13:13; 17:15; 18:43; 23:47).
2. It Is a Gospel of Prayer. Jesus prays at his baptism, (3:21),
after cleansing the leper (5:16), before calling the twelve (6:12),
at his transfiguration (9:28), before teaching the disciples to pray
(11:1), for his murderers as he was on the cross (23:34), with his
last breath (23:46). Luke gives us Christ's command to pray (21:36)
and two parables, the midnight friend (11:5-13) and the unjust judge
(18:1-8) to show the certain and blessed results of continued
3. It Is a Gospel of Womanhood. No other gospel gives her anything
like so large a place as Luke. Indeed, all of the first three
chapters or a greater part of their contents may have been given
him, as he "traced out accurately from the first" (1:3), by Mary and
Elizabeth. He gives us the praise and prophecy of Elizabeth
(1:42-42), the song of Mary (1:46-55). Anna and her worship
(2:36-38), sympathy for the widow of Nain (7:12-15), Mary Magdella
the sinner (7:36-50), the woman associates of Jesus (8:1-3), tender
words to the woman with an issue of blood (8:48), Mary and Martha
and their disposition (10:38-42). sympathy and help for the
"daughter" of Abraham (13:16), the consolation of the daughters of
Jerusalem (23:28). These references have been collected by others
and are the most conspicuous ones and serve to show how large a
place woman is given in this gospel.
4. It Is a Gospel of the Poor and Outcast. More than any other of
the evangelists Luke reports those teachings and incidents in the
life of our Savior which show how his work is to bless the poor and
neglected and vicious. Among the more striking passages of this
character are the oft repeated references to the publicans (3:12;
5:27, 29, 30, etc.), Mary Magdella, who was a sinner (7:36-50), the
woman with an issue of blood (8:43-48), the harlots (15:30), the
prodigal son (13:11-32), Lazarus, the beggar (16:13-31), the poor,
maimed, halt and blind invited to the supper (14:7-24). the Story of
Zacchaeus (19:1- 9), the Savior's business declared to be to seek
and save the lost (8:10), the dying robber saved (23:39-43).
5. It Is a Gentile Gospel. The book is everywhere filled with a
world wide purpose not so fully expressed in the other evangelists.
Here we have the angels, announcement of great joy which shall be to
all people (2:10) and the song about Jesus as "a light for
revelation to the Gentiles" (2:32). The genealogy traces Christ's
lineage back to Adam (2:38) and thus connects him not with Abraham
as a representative of humanity. The fuller account of the sending
out of the seventy (10:1-24). the very number of whom signified the
supposed number of the heathen nations, who were to go, not as the
twelve to the lost sheep of the house of Israel, but to all those
cities whither Jesus himself would come, is suggestive of this
broader purpose of Luke. The good Samaritan (10:25-37) is Christ's
illustration of a true neighbor and in some way also intends to show
the nature of Christ's work which was to be without nationality. Of
the ten lepers healed (17:11-19) only one, a Samaritan, returned to
render him praise, thus showing how others than the Jews would not
only be blessed by him but would do worthy service for him. The
Perean ministry, across the Jordan (9:51- 18:4, probably
9:51-19:28). is a ministry to the Gentiles and shows how large a
place Luke would give the Gentiles in the work and blessings of
6. It Is a Gospel for the Greeks. If Matthew wrote for Jews and Mark
for Romans, it is but natural that some one should write in such a
way as to appeal, specially, to the Greeks as the other
representative race. And, such the Christian writers of the first
centuries thought to be Luke's purpose. The Greek was the
representative of reason and humanity and felt that his mission was
to perfect humanity. "The full grown Greek would be a perfect world
man", able to meet all men on the common plane of the race. All the
Greek gods were, therefore, images of some form of perfect humanity.
The Hindu might worship an emblem of physical force, the Roman deify
the Emperor and the Egyptian any and all forms of life, but the
Greek adored man with his thought and beauty and speech, and, in
this, had most nearly approached the true conception of God. The Jew
would value men as the descendants of Abraham; the Roman according
as they wielded empires, but the Greek on the basis of man as such.
The gospel for the Greek must, therefore, present the perfect man,
and so Luke wrote about the Divine Man as the Savior of all men.
Christ touched man at every point and is interested in him as man
whether low and vile or high and noble. By his life he shows the
folly of sin and the beauty of holiness. He brings God near enough
to meet the longings of the Greek soul and thereby furnish him a
pattern and brother suited for all ages and all people. The deeds of
Jesus are kept to the background while much is made of the songs of
others and the discourses of Jesus as they were calculated to appeal
to the cultured Greek. If the Greek thinks he has a mission to
humanity, Luke opens a mission ground enough for the present and
offers him an immortality which will satisfy in the future.
7. It Is an Artistic Gospel. Renan calls Luke the most beautiful
book in the world, while Dr, Robertson says "the charm of style and
the skill in the use of facts place it above all praise". The
delicacy and accuracy, picturesqueness and precision with which he
sets forth the different incidents is manifestly the work of a
trained historian. His is the most beautiful Greek and shows the
highest touches of culture of all of the gospels.
Luke Bible Study - Subject
Jesus the World's Savior.
Luke Bible Study - Analysis
Introduction. The dedication of the gospel, 1:1-4.
I. The Savior's Manifestation, 1:5-4:13.
1. The announcement of the Forerunner, 1:5-25.
2. The announcement of the Savior. 1:26-38.
3. Thanksgiving of Mary and Elizabeth, 1:29-56.
4. The birth and childhood of the Forerunner, 1:37 end.
5. The birth of the Savior, 2:1-20.
6. The childhood of the Savior. 3:1-4:13.
II. The Savior's Work and Teaching in Galilee, 4:14-9:50.
1. He preaches in the synagogue at Nazareth. 4:14-30.
2. He works in and around Capernaum, 4:31-6:11.
3. Work while touring Galilee, 6:12-9:50.
III. The Savior's Work and Teaching After Leaving Galilee Up to
the Entrance Into Jerusalem, 9:31-19:27.
1. He journeys to Jerusalem, 9:51 end.
2. The mission of the Seventy and subsequent matters, 10:1-11:13.
3. He exposes the experience and practice of the day, 11:14-12 end.
4. Teachings, miracles warnings and parables, 13:1-18:30.
5. Incidents connected with his final approach to Jerusalem, 18:31-
IV. The Savior's Work and Teaching in Jerusalem, 19:28-22:38.
1. The entrance to Jerusalem, 19:28 end.
2. Questions and answers. Chapter 20.
3. The widow's mites, 21:1-4.
4. Preparation for the end, 21:5-22:38.
V. The Savior Suffers for the World, 22:39-23 end.
1. The agony in the garden, 22:39-46.
2. The betrayal and arrest, 22:47-53.
3. The trial. 22:54-23:26.
4. The cross, 23:27-49.
5. The burial, 23:30 end.
VI. The Savior is Glorified, Chapter 24.
1. The resurrection, 1-12.
2. The appearance and teachings, 13-49.
3. The ascension, 50 end.
Luke Bible Study - For Study
1. Six miracles peculiar to Luke. (1) The draught of fishes, 5:4-11.
(2) The raising of the widow's son, 7:11- 18. (3) The woman with the
spirit of infirmity, 13:11-17. (4) The man with the dropsy, 14:1-6.
(5) The ten lepers, 17:11-19. (6) The healing of Malchus' ear.
2. Eleven parables, peculiar to Luke. (I) The two debtors, 7:41-43.
(2) The good Samaritan, 10:25-37. (3) The importunate friend,
11:5-8. (4) The rich fool, 12:16-19. (5) The barren fig-tree,
13:6-9. (6) The lost piece of silver, 15:8-10. (7) The prodigal son,
15:11-32. (8) The unjust steward, 16:1-13. (9) The rich man and
Lazarus, 18:19-31. (10) The unjust judge, 18:1-8. (11) The Pharisee
and publican, 18:9-14.
3. Some other passages mainly peculiar to Luke. (1) Chapters 1-2 and
9:51- 18:14 are mainly peculiar to Luke. (2) John the Baptist's
answer to the people. 3:10-14. (3) The conversation with Moses and
Elias, 9:30- 31. (4) The weeping over Jerusalem, 19:41-44. (5) The
bloody sweat, 22:44. (6) The sending of Jesus to Herod, 23:7-12. (7)
The address to the daughters of Jerusalem, 23:27-31. (8) "Father
forgive them", 23:34. (9) The penitent robber, 23:40-43. (10) The
disciples at Emmaus, 24:13-31; (11) Particulars about the ascension.
4. The following words and phrases should be studied, making a list
of the references where each occurs and a study of each passage in
which they occur with a view of getting Luke's conception of the
term. (1) The "son of man" (23 times). (2) The "son of God" (7
times). (3) The "kingdom of God" (32 times). (4) References to law,
lawyer, lawful (18 times). (5) Publican (11 times). (6) Sinner and
sinners (16 times).
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Luke Bible Study